Tesla is Using Nortel’s Business Plan (that’s not a good thing)

Those who don’t learn from history are doomed to repeat it, so let’s use Nortel’s history to learn why Tesla, Inc. may be about to drive itself into deep trouble.

If you’re reading this, you’ve heard of Tesla. It has been a stock market marvel. The past five years have seen wealth created for long-holding shareholders – 5 years ago, Tesla was trading around USD$45 a share, and today it’s around $297. The chart from Nasdaq shows for the last year Tesla has been the poster child for “choppy”, as its stock price has oscillated with amplitude between $390 and $245 per share.

Tesla’s PromotionMachine has been sleeping at the factory trying to convince the investing public that revenue and earnings will ultimately catch up with the stock price. Bears and shorts are convinced the last part of that sentence is backwards.

Tesla is at a difficult stage of its existence as it tries to go from start-up to establishment. It needs to show the doubters that it has revenue, that the pre-orders for the Model 3’s are not being cancelled and are actually being converted to sales, and that the Holy Grail of positive cash flow is glowing in the road ahead. The latest Q2 was Tesla’s most productive in its history.

The problem is, Tesla has had and continues to have horrific issues on the shop floor. Production, while up, remains far behind the original and the revised targets. Panasonic and the Cobalt Cliff have something to do with this, but Tesla has acknowledged the production failures are mainly a function of over-automating the shop floor to a point of unmanageability.

Tesla and its CEO Elon Musk need this year to be an operational success. The company can’t run forever on champagne wishes and caviar dreams. It must show Wall Street and the global green investing community that it can dent the Detroit Big Boys, it can take a run at Honda and Toyota, that German engineering is secondary to American gee-whiz know-how.

Litigation lawyers will tell you when the facts are against you, pound the law. When the law is against you, pound the facts. When the facts and the law are against you, pound the table. Tesla looks like it’s opting for the table pounding.

The Wall Street Journal reported recently that Tesla, “has asked some suppliers to refund a portion of what the electric-car company has spent previously”.  WSJ also reported that Tesla confirmed it is seeking price reductions from suppliers for projects, some of which date back to 2016, and some of which haven’t been completed.

Did we mention that Tesla is burning through about USD$1,000,000,000 per quarter, with only about $2.7B in the bank ? And don’t look at the convertible debt pricing issues lurking over the horizon…

What Tesla needs is a much higher stock price, for the inevitable equity financing and to help with those pesky convertible debt problems.

Bring Nortel back into the picture. Visit the Wikipedia page for Nortel  for links to the painful facts below.

Nortel Networks Inc. (then called the Northern Electric and Manufacturing Company Limited) was partially spun out of a predecessor to mighty BCE Inc. in 1895 (yes, 123 years ago), and completely spun out from BCE in the internet madness of the year 2000. It was a huge financial win for BCE. Nortel ultimately made equipment for the heavy-breathing internet industry – switches and multi-protocol optical networks.

Nortel was a strange chimera, a combination R&D – manufacturer – vendor; much like Tesla is today. The hype machine was running well ahead of the financial statements as the company was worth roughly one-third of all companies then listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange.

You remember what happened next, right?

Sufficient cash flow and revenue failed to materialize. Nortel’s market cap went from close to $400B to only $5B, and ultimately Nortel filed in court in Canada and the USA for protection from its creditors. Goodbye, over 95,000 jobs worldwide.

The bankruptcy process ended in 2017, by when over $2,000,000,000 had been chewed up in the process, including legal fees.

Prior to bankruptcy, one of Nortel’s operational problems was negative cash flow. Despite growing revenue, over the years its cash flow never did catch up to the expected glowing future and the soaring stock price. The car-wreck crash in the stock price, followed by the creditor protection process, were reflections of that failure.

Nortel’s management team used every tool at hand to bring new revenue onto the P&L. Some of those tools could not be used today under new accounting standards such as under IFRS 15. Back then, one of the tools available to increase revenue was to vendor finance its own customers.

That vendor financing worked like this. Internet usage was booming, so websites and networks needed better equipment capable of processing the growing loads. Nortel and its advanced optical technology were the solution, but the equipment was very expensive. Not many start-ups had $10M to spend on a network switch, but without all those start-ups buying equipment Nortel couldn’t hit its targets which would have lead to a cratering of its stock price.

Nortel’s fix was to finance those start-ups and deliver the switches before receiving full payment. In some cases up to 80% of the purchase price was financed, which meant Nortel was using its working capital to sell at a loss to gain future cash and to buttress the current revenue number.

As always, after the boom comes the bust. Internet stocks tanked in 2000, killing many of Nortel’s customers and wiping billions in financing off Nortel’s financial statements. The cash flow that seemed so clear just months before failed to materialize, eventually taking Nortel into the sad tale of creditor protection.

Nortel, like Tesla, artificially distorted its own business model by causing elements in its supply chain to finance its activities. Nortel used its clients, Tesla is using its suppliers.

Tesla declined to provide the markets with a copy of the recent memo but confirmed it is seeking price reductions from certain suppliers for historic projects, some of which date back to 2016, and it is engaged in discussions concerning future pricing based on production ramp-up.

The automotive industry is a highly competitive margin-driven business, and Tesla is looking to save a buck / make a buck anywhere it can, as it should. While it’s true that ongoing discussions with Tier 1, 2 and 3 suppliers are common, asking suppliers for cash back is closed-system cannibalistic behaviour, and reeks of desperation. As Tesla’s cash dwindles and its options slowly disappear, Tesla must fix its manufacturing issues and create real value by executing on its business plan, not by parasitically sucking cash out of the system by draining its suppliers.

Nortel taught the lesson. Will Tesla learn from it or repeat it?




CBLT’s Clausi on Canadian cobalt and the rising battery demand for this critical metal

June 4, 2018 – “Cobalt is a critical metal as you heard yesterday, as you have seen in the news. You know it is important when Elon Musk makes fun of it. He is downplaying the need for cobalt. Even the batteries made for Tesla by Panasonic need 4½ kilograms of cobalt per battery.” states Peter Clausi, President, CEO and Director of CBLT Inc. (TSXV: CBLT), in a recent presentation at the 7th Annual InvestorIntel Summit – Buds, Batteries & Blockchain 2018.

Peter Clausi: It is always nice to be here. This is my fourth year coming to this event. Last year it was all battery metals. I tell people I meet in the industry this is one of my favorite places to come to meet people, get new ideas and see how things work. We are in the business though of making money for our shareholders. We got into the cobalt space about 2 years ago pretty much ahead of many other people. The problem is the Canadian markets did not give us or indeed any of the cobalt juniors real value for the assets that we had. If we are not going to get real value that way we came up with a better plan to generate real value. The disclaimer, has anybody ever read a disclaimer? For this conversation we are only talking about our properties in Gowganda, which is part of the Cobalt Embayment, and one of our properties in Sudbury. We have other properties in Sudbury, British Columbia and Quebec, but this conversation is only about Gowganda and our MacTrack claims in Sudbury. In Gowganda we bought 5 assets in a portfolio. We paid $114,000 for 5 assets; roughly $50,000 in cash, the rest in stock. Went to Australia at the end of January, met with bankers, investment bankers, miners, promoters, financiers and began to tell our story. Australia is far more advanced than Canada and decades ahead of the United States when it comes to the recognition of capitalizing upon critical metals. Cobalt is a critical metal as you heard yesterday, as you have seen in the news. You know it is important when Elon Musk makes fun of it. He is downplaying the need for cobalt. Even the batteries made for Tesla by Panasonic need 4½ kilograms of cobalt per battery. We sold one asset. I like the dancing money. Sold one asset called Bloom Lake for $50,000 cash and $50,000 in stock. We had a lot of faith in that management team. That stock though has increased 700%. What we sold for $100,000 we actually got $400,000 of value out of for 1 asset. Remember we bought the whole portfolio for $114,000. We then sold two other assets, again, dancing money, Corkill-Lawson and Farr for $50,000 and $87,000 in stock. As of this morning the stock was up over $100,000. Again, this is one asset that is part of the portfolio of 5. Between this and the other company we are up over $600,000. Not done yet. We then optioned off 2 of the remaining assets in Gowganda. For that, we have got more dancing money, $20,000 for each option plus a minimum work commitment over the next year. We also get a 10% management fee. They being in Australia do not want to come to Canada to learn the system, learn the local geologist, the regional geologist, First Nations so they have asked us to run the program for them. For that we get an additional 10% management fee…to access the complete presentation, click here

Disclaimer: CBLT Inc. is an advertorial member of InvestorIntel Corp.




Grafoid secures significant partnership with one of the largest companies in Japan — Mitsui Co. Ltd.

graphite blockOn March 24, Grafoid Inc., part of Focus Graphite (‘Focus’, TSX.V: FMS | OTCQX: FCSMF), announced that it has signed a two-year memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Mitsui Co. Ltd.’s ‘Advanced Materials Division’. The agreement provides for the parties to jointly commit to a one-year detailed market feasibility study to identify and evaluate market opportunities for graphene before the formalization of industrial and development projects in Japan.

Grafoid has an expanding and pioneering array of graphene developments backed by ventures and intellectual property rights, bringing graphene ever closer to commercial reality such as its MesoGraf™ series. Grafoid and its parent Focus Graphite have also been involved in advanced applications for lithium iron phosphate (LiFeP) battery materials in partnership with Hydro-Québec and the development of graphene-based repayment cancer therapies in partnership with Calevia Inc.

MesoGraf™ (‘MesoGraf’) represents nothing short of the first platform for the industrialization and commercialization of graphene. Stories about graphene’s novel applications and their potential are published daily around the world. MesoGraf, therefore, represents the first tool through which to achieve graphene’s potential, bridging the gap between the growing bodies of graphene research with actual commercialization of the material, essentially making the science available to the market. Until now, graphene has been limited to development and study in the laboratory; commercial scale applications have not yet been possible. Mitsui asked Grafoid if it could test MesoGraf and the result is an agreement that will allow Grafoid and Mitsui to join efforts in searching for joint venture application partnerships within Japan.

The alliance with Mitsui is very significant; indeed, Mitsui Co. Ltd. is one of the largest of the seven traditional large trading companies (‘sogo shosha’). It is the largest company of the Mitsui Group and one of the largest companies in Japan. In its present form, the company was established in 1947 and now has 161 offices in 68 countries and 565 worldwide subsidiaries. Mitsui, like the other ‘Soshas’ is a generalist and deal in all manner of raw materials, intermediate products, finished products and services, be it chemicals, textiles, power plants and other large-scale systems and electronics. Their importance and power is due to unrivaled distribution networks, which support the sales of Japanese products and services around the world. This support also comes in the form of finding raw materials needed by Japanese industry to advance.

This is an ideal partner for Focus and Grafoid. Mitsui will likely use its channels and network to introduce graphene to Japanese battery manufacturers like Hitachi or Panasonic as well as automotive groups like Toyota or Nissan. MesoGraf has the potential of becoming the standard ‘go-to’ graphene material. MesoGraf was developed in a USD$ 100 million research facility at NUS by Dr. Loh Kian Ping and Grafoid co-founder Dr. Gordon Chiu. The main difference between MesoGraf and all other attempts at developing a graphene material is that MesoGraf is finally able to offer the scalability that is needed to bring the material’s potential to the market. A scalable graphene material implies that it can be made to address a large increase in users and applications without undue effort. Scalability has been the ‘weak link’ in graphene until now. MesoGraf will be derived using natural flake graphite ore from Focus’s Lac Knife deposit in Quebec in a patented one-step process. Even this process is ‘scalable’ because, it can use any graphite ore with 10% or higher purity according to Focus.

The Province of Quebec and Japan have signed further collaboration agreements related to battery technology and materials, which will surely benefit Focus and Grafoid. Indeed, the Research Institute of Hydro -Québec (IREQ) and the Japanese group SEI Corporation have joined forces to commercialize a new technology in the field of Li-Ion batteries, complete with their own patents. Graphene coated anodes improve battery performance, providing better electrical connections between nanoparticles. When used with silicon, the graphene coats and protects it from direct contact with the electrolyte, slowing the chemical aging of the electrode. That is merely one advantage of graphene in batteries; and batteries are merely one application for graphene. The possibilities are endless.