Arafura: Demonstration Program Update

ArafuraLogoDecember 22, 2011 (Source: Arafura) — Arafura is pleased to provide an update on the Demonstration Program for key aspects of the Rare Earths production process.

Background
Arafura’s Rare Earth production flow sheet has previously been proven at pilot scale. The purpose of the Demonstration Program is to operate at a larger scale to reduce Nolans Project scale up risk, optimise equipment selection and verify design data. Scale up ratios from Demonstration plant to Full Scale plant are in the range 1:140 to 1:280 for major plant areas. The Demonstration Program will also generate samples for target customer evaluation and further build stakeholder and investor confidence. In addition, Arafura will gain detailed operating experience which will be invaluable in the future when full scale operations commence. Good progress has been made to date. This work program is on track as a key component of the Bankable Feasibility Study (BFS) which is due to be completed with project finance in place by the end of 2012.

Click here to see the diagrams

Mining
The Demonstration Program began in 2010. Approximately 1500t of mineralization (‘ore’) was extracted from the Nolans Bore resource using a wide diameter Bauer drill rig. Samples were obtained from a wide cross section of the resource to a depth of approximately 70 metres partly representative of the first few years of planned mining.

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Beneficiation
The ‘ore’ was transported to Perth in 2011 and during Q4 2011 was beneficiatedto produce a mineral concentrate.  This work was undertaken at ALS Ammtec.

Pre-leach
Following beneficiation, during Q4 2011, chemical processing of the mineral concentrate commenced at  ALS  Ammtec.  A pre-leach circuit (12t/day) in which mineral concentrate is reacted with hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is in operation and performing well. Pre-leach Circuit- ALS AmmtecThe Rare  Earth containing solids produced have been dried and transported to ANSTO in Sydney where subsequent processing will take place early in 2012.The liquid stream  produced at  ALS  Ammtechas been processed to generate a solid phosphate. The residual HCl containing liquid has been used to successfully commission the HCl regeneration circuit of the final integrated pilot plant.

Rare Earth Extraction
(Sulphation & Downstream)
Commissioning of demonstration facilities for sulphation and downstream processing is progressing well at ANSTO.  These facilities will be operated in production mode during Q1 2012.

Rare Earth Oxide Separation
Production of Rare Earth Oxide (REO) samples for customer evaluation is well underway.  Product quality is being aligned with target customer requirements.  The full range of planned products will be available by the end of Q1 2012.  Customers have been invited to observe the trials at ANSTO.  The provision of samples to customers is a key milestone in the program to secure future sales contracts.

Integrated Pilot Plant
Final testing of the integrated pilot plant will take place in H1 2012.  The HCl regeneration circuit which comprises part of the final plant has already  operated successfully for a period of 5 days continuous operation with 100% availability.  Gypsum samples are under customer evaluation.

Future Program

The future program is summarised below. 

Click here to see the diagram

Dr Steve Ward, Arafura’s Managing Director and CEO commented, “We have an impressive team of staff, contractors and consultants working together on the Demonstration Program.  They have the skills and requisite experience in metallurgy and chemical operations to make this a resounding success.  Overall, excellent progress has been made to date.  Work is on track to be completed in readiness for the final BFS.  Further updates will be given as progress milestones are achieved.”   


  1. Everything’s going great for Arafura, except for that pesky little matter of n raising several hundred million dollars of financing.

  2. Beware of any foot soldier of the Chinese Dragon bearing “gifts”
    How much of Arafura is currently controlled by the Chinese, and after the ECE additional infusion of Chinese cash, what percentage of Arafura shall be Chinese owned.
    Many non-Chinese investors “ran out the investment door” when ECE a Chinese governmental agency owned in the 20 percent range, and en block stopped some of Arafura’s previous plans?
    Does ECE plan a 51 percent takeover of Arafura? Where is the Australian Economic Regulatory Agency?
    http://www.raremetalblog.com/2011/12/consultations-between-ece-and-arafura.html#tpe-action-posted-6a0120a6002285970c0162fe36be8c970d

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